A MESSAGE FROM THE OFFICE OF THE MINISTER OF EQUALITY & HUMAN RIGHTS, H. E. PROF. DR. NATHAN TOR. LUGA, THE KINGDOM OF NEW ATLANTIS (KONA)

achamila press: H. E. PROF. DR. NATHAN TOR. LUGA,  PhD The Minister for Equality and Human Rights, THE KINGDOM OF NEW ATLANTIS (KONA)

 Introduction;

The Ministry of Equality and Human Rights is a Ministry that brings into recognition the equal rights for men and women who have the same access to resources and opportunities and also to defend the Right of her citizens. Generally, it is an ideal of uniformity in treatment or status by those in a position to affect either. Acknowledgment of the right to equality often must be coerced from the advantaged by the disadvantaged. Equality of opportunity to all citizens of KONA. Social or religious inequality is deeply ingrained in some cultures and thus difficult to overcome. Government efforts to achieve economic equality will include enhancing opportunities through tax policy, subsidized training and education, redistributing wealth or resources, and preferential treatment of those historically treated unequally. See also civil rights movement; feminism; gay rights movement; human rights; Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

The Ministry of Equality and Human Rights shall stand against any movement that stops Women in action.
The Ministry shall ensure that the violence against women acts allowed women to have a level playing ground and protect the women.

What is equality?

Equality is about ensuring that every individual has an equal opportunity to make the most of their lives and talents.

It is also the belief that no one should have poorer life chances because of the way they were born, where they come from, what they believe, or whether they have a disability.

Equality recognises that historically certain groups of people with protected characteristics such as race, disability, sex and sexual orientation have experienced discrimination.

The Equality and Human Rights Ministry shall prohibits all employers, service providers and providers of education from harassing, discriminating against or victimizing individuals with protected characteristics.

Unlawful discrimination would be things like:

a). Refusing to admit a child to as school as a pupil because of their race.

b). Discouraging a female student from undertaking a course in Engineering.

c). Any individual who believes that they have been discriminated against, harassed or victimized as defined by the Equality Act 2010 can take a claim to a tribunal or court.

To meet the needs of disabled people, the Equality and Human Rights Ministry will ensure that reasonable adjustments will be made for disabled people, and that there is no unlawful discrimination and the Ministry shall treat the disabled people more honourably because of their disabilities.

What Shall it be Done to Further Strengthen Public Sector of Equality Duties?

The Kingdom of New Atlantis Ministry of Equality and Human Rights shall Maintained schools and academies (those that are funded and controlled by the local education authority), including free schools, must have due regard to those studying.

This means that the Ministry shall take active steps to identify and address issues of discrimination where there is evidence of:

* Prejudice
* Harassment or victimisation
lack of understanding,
disadvantage
lack of participation for individuals with protected characteristics.
The Ministry of Equality and Human Rights will always work for all public authorities, so it is not defined specifically for schools.

Any decisions made on how to take steps to eliminate discrimination, advance equal opportunities and foster good relations must be made on evidence, not on assumptions.

What are Human Rights?

Human rights are like armour: they protect you; they are like rules, because they tell you how you can behave; and they are like judges, because you can appeal to them. They are abstract like emotions; and like emotions, they belong to everyone and they exist no matter what happens.
They are like nature because they can be violated; and like the spirit because they cannot be destroyed. Like time, they treat us all in the same way rich and poor, old and young, white and black, tall and short. They offer us respect, and they charge us to treat others with respect. Like goodness, truth and justice, we may sometimes disagree about their definition, but we recognize them when we see them.

Why Are they Important?

Human rights are the basic rights and freedom that belong to all people in the world, from birth to death. These rights are based on shared values like dignity, equality, fairness, respect, and independence. These ethics are protected and defined by the laws of various countries.

Human rights are important because no one should be abused or discriminated, and everyone should have the chance to develop their talents. Unfortunately, many people around the world don’t have these basic rights and freedoms. As the most developed country on Earth, the Ministry of Equality and Human Rights shall ensure that all rights are giving to her citizens. That’s why it is important and our government (KONA) is doing all it can to protect human rights. From this background, the Ministry Projects KONA Human Rights Peacekeeping Missions for areas crisis has so much affected the peace and prosperity of the people, KONA Human Rights Children’s Fund, etc

Human rights violations:

Any crime against humanity shall be a human rights violation, including murder, torture, forced eviction, imprisonment, racism, and any crime that targets human dignity. As Human Rights Watch, every day in homes, in schools, on streets, and at workplaces, women, men, girls, and boys are being harassed and abused for being different. Rights are never granted to people by their attackers. The Ministry of Equality and Human Rights shall always ensure the ideals of democracy, equality, and justice are rights themselves. These rights are the basis of every democracy, and any governments that ignores or violates human rights has no democracy since it’s the basis of democracy.

The Ministry of Equality and Human Rights shall endeavor and strengthened the following Articles:-

Article 1:
Free and Equal;

In The Kingdom of New Atlantis, all human beings are born free and equal and should be treated the same way.

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2:
Freedom from Discrimination;

The Kingdom of New Atlantis, Ministry of Equality and Human Rights will ensure that everyone can claim their rights regardless of sex, race, language, religion, social standing, etc.

Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty.

Article 3:
Right to Life;

Everyone has the right to life and to live in freedom and safety.

Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.

Article 4:
Freedom from Slavery;

The Government of KONA value everyone and as such no one has the right to treat anyone as a slave nor should anyone be enslaved.

No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.

Article 5:
Freedom from Torture;

We shall not allowed anyone to be tortured.

No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

Article 6:
Right to Recognition before the Law;

You shall be legally protected in the same way everywhere like anyone else.

Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.

Article 7:
Right to Equality Before the Law;

The law is the same for everyone and shall be applied in the same manner to all.

All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.

Article 8:
Access to Justice;

You have the right to obtain legal help and access the justice system when your rights are not respected.

Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law.

Article 9:
Freedom From Arbitrary Detention;

No one can arrest or detain you arbitrarily , or send you away from your country unjustly.

No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.

Article 10:
Right to a Fair Trial;

Trials shall be public and tried in a fair manner by an impartial and independent tribunal.

Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him.

Article 11:
Presumption of Innocence;

Under this Government and Ministry of Equality and Human Rights, you shall be considered innocent until it can be proved you are guilty according to law. If accused of a crime you have the right to a defence.

a). Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defence.

b). No one shall be held guilty of any penal offence on account of any act or omission which did not constitute a penal offence, under national or international law, at the time when it was committed. Nor shall a heavier penalty be imposed than the one that was applicable at the time the penal offence was committed.

Article 12:
Right to Privacy;

You have the right to protection if someone tried to harm your good name, enter your home without permission or interfere with your correspondence.

No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation.
Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.

Article 13:
Freedom of Movement;

As a Decentralized Government, everyone have the right to leave or move within his/her own country and you shall be accorded such privileges.

a). Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each State.

b). Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country.

Article 14:
Right to Asylum;

If you are persecuted at home, you have the right to seek protection in another country.

a). Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution.

b). This right may not be invoked in the case of prosecutions genuinely arising from non-political crimes or from acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.

Article 15:
Right to Nationality;

You have the right to belong to a country and have a nationality.

a). Everyone has the right to a nationality.

b). No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his/her nationality nor denied the right to change his/her nationality.

Article 16:
Right to Marriage and to Found a Family;

Men and women have the right to marry when they are legally able without limits due to race, nationality or religion. Families should be protected by the Government and the justice system.

a). Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution.

b). Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses.

c). The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State.

Article 17:
Right to Own Property;

The Ministry shall ensure that you have the right to own things. No one has the right to illegally take them from you.

a). Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others.

b). No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.

Article 18:
Freedom of Religion or Belief;

Everyone has the right to freely manifest their religion, to change it and to practice it alone or with others.

Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.

Article 19:
Freedom of Expression;

Everyone has the right to think and say what they like and no one should forbid it.

Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek receive and impart information and ideas though any media and regardless of frontiers.

Article 20:
Freedom of Assembly;

You have the right to organize and participate in peaceful meetings.

a). Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association.

b). No one may be compelled to belong to an association.

Article 21:
Right to Partake in Public Affairs;

Everyone has the right to take part in their country’s political affairs and equal access to public service. Governments should be voted for regularly.

a). Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives.

b). Everyone has the right of equal access to public service in his country.

c). The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will, shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secrete vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.

Article 22:
Right to Social Security;

Society should help individuals to freely develop and make the most of all advantages offered in their country.

Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to realization, through national effort and international cooperation and in accordance with the organization and resources of each State, of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality.

Article 23:
Right to Work;

Everyone has the right to work in just and favourable conditions and be free to choose your work with a salary that allows you to live and support family. Everyone should receive equal pay for equal work.

a). Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.

b). Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work.

c). Everyone who works has the right to just and favourable remuneration ensuring for himself and his family an existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection.

d). Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of his interests and his government.

Article 24:
Right to Leisure and Rest;

Each work day should not be too long and everyone has the right to rest and take regular paid holidays.

Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.

Article 25:
Right to Adequate standard of living;

You have the right to have what you need so that you and your family do not go hungry, homeless or fall ill.

a). Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including foods, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.

b). Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children, whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection.

Article 26:
Right to Education;

You have the right to go to school, continue your studies as far as you wish and learn regardless of race, religion or country of origin.

a). Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.

b). Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace.

c). Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their children.

Article 27:
Right to take part in cultural, artistic and scientific life;

You have the right to share the benefits of your community’s culture, arts and sciences.

a). Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits.

b). Everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which he is the author.

Article 28:
Right to a free and fair world;

To make sure your rights are respected, there must be an order that can protect them. This order should be global.

Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized.

Article 29:
Duty to your community;

You have duties toward the community within which your personality can fully develop. The law should guarantee human rights. It should allow everyone to respect others and to be respected.

a). Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible.

b). In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and the general welfare in a democratic society.

c). These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised contrary to the purposes and principles of the Kingdom of New Atlantis and that of the United Nations.

Article 30:
Rights are inalienable;

No one, institution nor individual, should act in any way to destroy the rights enshrined in this Articles.

Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as implying for any State, group or person any right to engage in any activity or to perform any act aimed at the destroying of any of the rights and freedoms set forth herein.

Conclusion:
The Kingdom of New Atlantis Ministry of Equality and Human rights shall maintain a basic standard of behavior concerning certain issues that are universally regarded as important. If you are born human, the world has set standards of behavior for you that you are required to obey. These standards are called Human Rights. They are believed to be universal because every country that has signed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights has agreed to them.

Best Regards,
H. E. Prof. Dr. Nathan Tor. Luga, PhD.
The Minister for Equality and Human Rights KONA

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