The association of the name Nafusa with the mountain

achamila presss- Ministry of Culture, Arts and Antiquities
Poseidon _ Samir Al Qobati
Under the supervision of H. E.the Minister of Culture, Arts and Antiquities
Dr. Gulnar Siham bin Shaaban
Honorable deputies: Mr.Carlos Ghanem
Dr: Choubeila Atoui

The association of the name Nafusa with the mountain

Definition of the culture of the city of Nafusa. The city of Nafusa is located in the south of Algeria, about 60 km from the city of Wargla. The city of Nafusa is an ancient city dating back 71 century and 80 years. It was a sultanate during the era of Ibn Khaldun, that is, during the era of the Almohad state, and its ruler was Sultan Papia… and it had a culture that did not differ from the culture of Bani sisin, meaning almost the same culture and it had its own dances, customs and traditions, and this is a video of joy from the joys of Nafusa. Since 1951, Nafusa relies on palm cultivation, and the researcher Levitsky has indicated:The name of the sheikhs of the Nafusa mountains is linked to the exodus of many to it in different eras
However, the consequences of the massive displacement of hundreds of thousands of east nomads through the needs of the eleventh century CE for North Africa–which [Marcilier] elaborated on the Nephews and [Gautié] in the manifesto of their loads–I say that these consequences were more impressive than the conquests of the seventh century. The passage of the Crescent tribes, and in particular the settlement of Bani Zaghba in the western Jafara, pushed the plain to retreat towards the mountain, and since that time the name of the Nafusa and the Nafussin have been associated with the mountain and they have become inseparable
The source stated
Diboa .. About the geography of mount Nafusa
Navusi (Nafusa was in the year 546 somewhere in and around mount Al-Auras, after this date it settled in mount Nafusa and Al-Jafarah
And the historian Coripus stated
The sources that dealt with the history of the Nafusa mountains and north Africa are many for those who want to know this history, as the historical sources mentioned that the oldest homeland of the Nafusa tribe was in the Aures mountains in Algeria, and then part of it moved to the western part of Jafara, west of the city of Tripoli and the coast of the city of Zawaga and Sabratha
And when Bani Hilal and Bani Salim invaded the Jafara plain, the Nafusa migrated to the mountain and mixed with the Mazatah Al-Lawtih tribe that used to settle on this mountain, and it is the oldest inhabitant of it
Among the sayings that confirm this is what Al-Massar told us that (the Rustamiya state and the Ibadhi school of thought made the swords of Nafusa and the money of Mazata), and accordingly this confirms that the Nafusa tribe was a Bedouin tribe and a combatant tribe, and that Mazatah is stable on the mountain and also in the Tehrt region
The city of Jado and the surrounding areas was called Amenj or Aminaj, which means in the upper Tamazight, and as the sources mentioned that this area is located on the side
The eastern mountain of Nafusa, which means that the mountain of Nafusa used to start from the area of ​​Jadu and Zammoura, which is now called Al-Rajban, and perhaps even the Tajramin area was covered by the mountain, and in the book Description of Africa by Hassan Al-Wazzani, where he called the area in which Yafran and its villages are in Jabal Yafran, which means that Yafran it was not old from the regions of mount Nefusa
As for the name Al-Jabal Al-Gharbi, it was used for the first time by the Ottoman Turks, and it has continued until now to include cities from Gharyan to Wazen
Oldest inhabitants of the mountain
From the attached map, we note the locations of the Tamazight communities in an ancient period dating back to the ninth century AD / the third AH. Accordingly, we find the Nafusa mountain side inscribed with the name of the Louata tribe.
In the historical sources of the Nafusa Mountains, many towns and villages belonging to the Mazatah and Sidrath tribes were mentioned, including the village of Edraf in the Zamora district, the village of Argan in the district of Jadu, and the village of Daji and Wego in the district of Al-Haraba Currently, the Sedrata tribe is one of the stomachs of Loata, and it has also taken the mountain as its home, as we find it in the town of (Tagrouet), near the city of Nalut, and in (Tabrest), (Tin Unzirf), and (Iner), and in the town of (Markas). , And the sources mention the sheikhs of the evacuees bearing the title of Al-Mazati and Al-Sedrati
From what was previously studied, we find in the mountain an Ibadi federation, which includes (Lawatah tribe (Mazatah) and his Nafusa and Zenat) that deliberated on the rule of the mountain, and what I noticed from historical sources that Mazat is the oldest inhabitant of the mountain and then joined her Nafusa and they supported the Rustamiya state by force of arms and money, after

which the Zenata tribe
entered in a late period after the fall of the Rustamiya state in Tihart, and also some branches of the Sanhaja tribe invaded the mountain and they are Ghanaian sons to settle on the mountain and they were called Al-Mourabitoun, which I noticed in the Jadu dialect that it differs from the rest of the dialects of Libya in its phonetic composition and some vocabulary that shows that the Jadu dialect belongs to the dialect the Sanhaja tribe, and this makes me assure that some of the inhabitants of the Jadu region belong to Sanhaja

The name of the elders of mount Nefusa came (Tadayush Levinsky)
And the book mount Nafusa (by Masoud Mazhoudi)
and north African studies (Tadayusz Levinsky)
And in the biography of the sheikhs of Nafusa (by Muqrin bin Muhammad Al-Baghtouri)
Naming the scenes of Nafusa (for Ronnie Bassey)
Geography of mount Nafusa (for Diboa).
Description of Africa (Hassan El-Wazzani)

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